Home Collections Top PSU Stocks List to Buy in India 2024 for Long Term Investments in the Share Market

Top PSU Stocks List to Buy in India 2024 for Long Term Investments in the Share Market

Top PSU Stocks List to Buy in India 2024 for Long Term Investments in the Share Market
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In the ever-evolving landscape of the Indian stock market, PSU stocks have long stood as pillars of stability and growth. They offer investors a unique blend of government backing and market potential. Let us now understand what are PSU stocks and learn more about PSUs by taking a look at our PSU share list. 

What are Public Sector Undertakings (PSU)?

Public Sector Undertakings, which is the full form of PSU stocks full form,are government-owned companies or corporations that operate in various sectors of the economy. These entities are established by the government to undertake commercial activities. Their goal is providing essential goods and services to the public.

PSUs play a significant role in promoting economic growth, ensuring equitable distribution of resources, and advancing government policies. They operate under the control of the government and can be involved in industries such as energy, telecommunications, finance, manufacturing, and more. 

Now that we know what PSU stocks means, let us look at our curated list of the top PSU Stocks in the country.

List for the best PSU Stocks in India.

The following list of PSU Stocks have curated the best stocks in this sector for you! Here is a PSU company list that lists the best PSU stocks in India.

Company NameSub-sectorMarket Cap (in Cr)5Y CAGR (%)Share Price
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation LtdOil & Gas- Production & Exploration₹3,04,5051.60₹234.35
NTPC LtdPower Generation₹2,98,85112.05₹308.85
Power Grid Corporation of India LtdPower Transmission & Distribution₹2,20,61013.52₹246.2
Coal India LtdMining – Coal₹2,45,7692.09₹382.6
Indian Oil Corporation LtdOil & Gas – Refining & Marketing₹2,09,064-2.32₹143.45
Hindustan Aeronautics LtdMachinery₹2,00,99037.67₹2,931.45
Bharat Electronics LtdHeavy Electrical Equipments₹1,41,37138.90₹189.25
Indian Railway Finance Corp LtdDiversified Financial Services₹2,30,332₹171.9
Power Finance Corporation LtdDiversified Financial Services₹1,38,24132.84₹421.75

Please note that the above list is for educational purposes only, and is not recommendatory. Please do your own research or consult your financial advisor before investing.

Note: The data in the PSU Stocks list is from 24th January 2024.  However, for real-time updates on stock prices and market trends, visit the smallcase stocks collection today!

Why invest in PSU stocks?

Here are a few features of PSU Stocks that make them a potentially attractive investment for investors:

Stability and Reliability:

Investing in PSU stocks or shares offer a remarkable sense of stability and reliability. Owing to their government ownership and support. The backing of the government provides a certain level of assurance, making them an attractive option, especially during times of market uncertainty.

Dividend Income:

PSU stocks are attractive due to their consistent dividend distribution history. with shareholders. Many PSUs have a tradition of sharing a portion of their profits with investors. That, in turn, provides a regular income stream and potentially enhances the overall returns on investment.

Long-Term Growth Potential:

While PSU stocks might not offer explosive short-term gains, they often provide gradual and sustainable long-term growth. This can be especially beneficial for investors who prioritise a steady appreciation of their investments over time.

Economic Growth Catalyst:

Investing in PSU stocks contributes directly to sectors that are critical for a country’s economic development. These sectors can encompass a wide range of industries. This includes energy, telecommunications, infrastructure, and more, all of which play pivotal roles in driving economic progress.

Diversification Benefits:

Diversification is a cornerstone of a well-balanced investment portfolio. By adding PSU stocks to your investment mix, you are diversifying your portfolio beyond privately-owned companies. This diversification can help mitigate risks associated with sector-specific downturns, providing a more resilient portfolio overall.

Government Support and Ownership:

Government ownership lends an additional layer of stability to PSU stocks. It implies that these companies have the support and backing of the government. This can act as a stabilising force even in times of market turbulence. 

Resilience in Volatile Markets:

PSU stocks have demonstrated a tendency to weather market volatility relatively well. Government ownership, conservative management, and essential service focus enhance the resilience of PSU stocks in market turbulence.

Public-Sector Banks (PSB)

Financial institutions designated as PSBs have a distinctive structure. The government or another public-sector bank maintains a majority ownership, holding more than 51% of the voting shares. The Nifty PSU Bank index serves as a barometer, reflecting the collective performance of these banks in the market.

Understanding the distinctions between these types of PSU stocks is fundamental for investors seeking a comprehensive view of the public sector’s presence in the stock market.

Overview of the PSU Stocks List

The following are the top PSU companies from our PSU stock list in India. Here is a brief overview of the best PSU Stocks in India in our curated list of maharatna companies in India, consisting of different types of PSUs:

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)

ONGC is India’s largest oil and gas exploration and production company. It holds a dominant position in the country’s energy sector, contributing significantly to domestic oil and gas production. With its robust presence in both upstream and downstream activities, ONGC is a compelling PSU stock.

NTPC Ltd

Established in 1975 and headquartered in New Delhi, NTPC Ltd is a prominent Indian public sector undertaking, standing as the country’s largest energy conglomerate with a robust installed power capacity of 62,110 MW. Engaged in diverse business lines including power generation, transmission, distribution, coal mining, oil & gas exploration, and renewable energy, NTPC Ltd’s key offerings encompass thermal and renewable energy, transmission and distribution, and coal mining.

Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd

Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd (PGCIL), established on October 23, 1989, stands as a prominent Navratna public sector enterprise within the Ministry of Power, Government of India. As the nation’s leading electric utility company, PGCIL plays a pivotal role by overseeing the transmission of approximately 50% of India’s total power. Its operations span the entire power sector value chain, encompassing generation, transmission, and distribution.

Coal India Ltd

Coal India (NSE) generated an impressive operating revenue of Rs. 142,081.29 Cr. over the past 12 months. Notably, it achieved an outstanding annual revenue growth of 27%, maintaining a commendable pre-tax margin of 27%, and boasting an exceptional return on equity (ROE) of 49%. It is one of the best PSU company in India. 

Indian Oil Corporation

IOC, one of the major public undertakings, operates across the energy sector, ensuring India’s energy security. It has a massive market influence, government backing, and a stable dividend history. These factors make it an attractive option for investors and one of the best PSU in India in 2024.

Hindustan Aeronautics Ltd

Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), a Public Sector Enterprise, actively designs, manufactures, and services various aviation products such as aircraft, helicopters, aero-engines, avionics, and aerospace structures. HAL operates through five complexes: Bangalore, MiG, Helicopter, Accessories, and Design, comprising 20 production divisions and 11 research and design centers spread across India.

Bharat Electronics Ltd

Bharat Electronics Limited is a leading Navratna Public Sector Undertaking. Specializing in designing, developing, manufacturing, supplying, and providing life cycle support for strategic electronic products and systems, the company holds a significant position in India’s defense sector. It is also expanding its presence in civilian markets and venturing into international defense markets.

Indian Railway Finance Corporation Ltd

Indian Railway Finance Corporation Limited became a Public Limited Company on December 12, 1986. It received a Certificate of Commencement of Business from the RoC on December 23, 1986. The MCA categorized the Company as a Public Financial Institution on October 8, 1993. Subsequently, the Company obtained registration with RBI to operate as a non-banking financial institution on February 16, 1998.

Power Finance Corporation Ltd

Power Finance Corporation Ltd is a prominent player in the power sector, offering financial support as a Public Financial Institution and Non-Banking Financial Company in India. It facilitates the development of the power sector by providing a diverse range of financial products and services. These include Rupee Term Loans, Project Term Loans, Equipment Lease Financing, and Consultancy Services. PFC finances projects in Generation, Transmission, and Distribution sectors, as well as supports the Renovation & Modernization of existing power projects.

The Categorisation of PSUs in India

Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) in India are classified based on various criteria, reflecting their ownership, role, and strategic importance. 

Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs)

CPSEs are PSUs owned and controlled by the Central Government of India. They play a crucial role in the country’s economic growth and development across diverse sectors. CPSEs can further be categorised into three groups:

  • Maharatna: These are the most significant CPSEs with extensive operations and high profitability. They have greater financial autonomy and can make substantial investments and take important decisions without government approval. For example, in May 2010, the Indian government granted Maharatna status to NTPC Ltd, which was established on November 7, 1975. NTPC currently operates from 70 locations in India, along with one location in Sri Lanka and two in Bangladesh. 
  • Navratna: These CPSEs also hold considerable operational and financial autonomy. They are profitable and have the flexibility to invest in strategic initiatives. For example, Container Corporation of India Limited (CONCOR), a Navratna PSU under the Indian Ministry of Railways, was established in March 1988 and began operations in November 1989 by acquiring seven inland container depots (ICDs) from Indian Railways as per the Companies Act.
  • Miniratna: Miniratna CPSEs have a more modest level of autonomy. They are further classified into Category-I and Category-II, with differing levels of operational independence. For example, Airports Authority of India (AAI), a Miniratna Public Sector Unit (PSU), operates under the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India. It plays a crucial role in developing, maintaining, and upgrading civil aviation infrastructure across the country. 

State Public Sector Enterprises (SPSEs)

SPSEs are PSUs owned and controlled by state governments. They operate at the state level and contribute to regional economic growth. SPSEs are present across various sectors, such as power, transport, and agriculture. For example, GRIDCO Limited, Odisha Hydro Power Corporation Limited and Odisha Power Transmission Corporation Limited, under the Odisha State Government.

Joint Ventures (JVs)

JVs are collaborations between public and private sector entities, often with the government holding a significant stake. Such partnerships harness both sectors’ strengths for shared goals like infrastructure development or resource extraction. For example, a Public-Private Partnership (PPP) involves collaboration between a government or statutory entity and the private sector to deliver public assets or services. The private sector contributes through investments or management responsibilities.

PSU Bank Stocks

PSU bank stocks refer to the stocks of Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) banks in India. These banks are owned and operated by the government, playing a crucial role in the country’s financial sector.

How to Invest in PSU Stocks?

Here are a few strategies to employ while investing in PSU Stocks. 

  1. Diversify- Include PSU stocks from a government stocks list as part of a diversified portfolio to mitigate risks associated with this sector.
  2. Exit Strategy- Determine exit points based on your investment goals, and be prepared to adjust your portfolio when needed.
  3. Continuous Learning- Stay informed about developments in the PSU sector and continuously educate yourself about investment strategies.
  4. Professional Advice- Consider seeking advice from financial experts who understand the intricacies of investing in PSU stocks.
  5. Regular portfolio review and adjustment- Frequently review your PSU stock portfolio. Government policies, earnings shifts, and market changes require adaptation. Manage risks, boost returns, ensure diversity, and inform decisions. Stay ahead in a sector shaped by distinct challenges and government influences.

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  4. Some of the popular smallcases among new investors are as follows:

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What are the Factors to Consider Before Investing in PSU stocks?

The followings factors must be considered when investing in PSU Stocks:

  1. Financial Performance- Assess the PSU’s financial health, including revenue growth, profit margins, and debt levels. A track record of consistent profitability is a positive sign.
  2. Government Policies- Understand how government policies and regulations impact the PSU’s operations. Changes can influence stock performance. This understanding is of importance in times of political instability, in case the government ownership or decision-making is impacted. Check out the government shares list and prices on there. 
  3. Market Position- Evaluate the PSU’s market government share, competitive advantage, and growth prospects in its sector. This will provide you with an in-depth understanding of what you are getting yourself into.
  4. Management Quality- Analyse the management team’s experience, strategies, and transparency in decision-making.
  5. Risk Tolerance- Understand your risk tolerance and investment horizon before committing to PSU stocks.
  6. Valuation- Assess the stock’s valuation compared to earnings, book value, and industry peers. This allows you to get an idea about whether you’re making a profitable investment.

Features of the Top PSU Stocks in India

Here are a few features of PSU Stocks from the government share list above, that make them an attractive investment.

Stability and Reliability

Investing in PSU stocks or shares offer a remarkable sense of stability and reliability. Owing to their government ownership and support. The backing of the government provides a certain level of assurance, making them an attractive option, especially during times of market uncertainty.

Dividend Income

PSU stocks are attractive due to their consistent dividend distribution history. with shareholders. Many PSUs have a tradition of sharing a portion of their profits with investors. That, in turn, provides a regular income stream and potentially enhances the overall returns on investment.

Long-Term Growth Potential

While PSU stocks or government stocks might not offer explosive short-term gains, they often provide gradual and sustainable long-term growth. This can be especially beneficial for investors who prioritise a steady appreciation of their investments over time.

Economic Growth Catalyst

Investing in PSU stocks contributes directly to sectors that are critical for a country’s economic development. These sectors can encompass a wide range of industries. This includes energy, telecommunications, infrastructure, and more, all of which play pivotal roles in driving economic progress.

Diversification Benefits

Diversification is a cornerstone of a well-balanced investment portfolio. By adding PSU stocks to your investment mix, you are diversifying your portfolio beyond privately-owned companies. This diversification can help mitigate risks associated with sector-specific downturns, providing a more resilient portfolio overall.

Government Support and Ownership

Government ownership lends an additional layer of stability to PSU stocks. It implies that these companies have the support and backing of the government. This can act as a stabilising force even in times of market turbulence. 

Resilience in Volatile Markets

PSU stocks have demonstrated a tendency to weather market volatility relatively well. Government ownership, conservative management, and essential service focus enhance the resilience of PSU stocks in market turbulence.

What Are the Risks of Investing in PSU stocks?

However attractive PSU Stocks may be, there are a few potential risks to consider when looking at a list of government stocks in India:

  1. Bureaucracy and Inefficiency- The bureaucratic nature of PSUs often leads to sluggish decision-making. This can impede their ability to swiftly adapt to market shifts and drive innovation.
  2. Earnings Volatility- Many PSUs operate in cyclical industries like commodities, leading to fluctuating earnings during economic downturns.
  3. Lack of Incentives- Job security is high, but incentives are lacking. This slows down PSU management and hampers modernisation. The PSU sector suffers harshly because of this. 
  4. Market Reaction to Disinvestment- Government stake sale in a PSU can create market uncertainty. This impacts the stock’s performance.
  5. Dividend Surprise- While PSUs often offer dividends, the consistency of these payouts can be uncertain. The government’s dividend distribution policy and the company’s financial performance can influence the dividend amounts and frequency.
  6. Government Interference: PSU stocks, being government-owned, can encounter political and bureaucratic influences. These influences might not always align with the interests of investors. Changes in policies or leadership can impact their operations.
  7. Market Performance: Certain PSUs might underperform compared to private companies. This could be due to inefficiencies, outdated technologies, or a lack of strategic focus.
  8. Uncertain Dividend Payouts: PSUs often provide dividends, but these can be irregular. Inconsistencies arise from company performance and government dividend policies.
  9. Low Trading Liquidity: Certain PSU stocks could have low trading volumes, causing liquidity problems. This might impact the ease of buying or selling shares.
  10. Limited Focus on Shareholder Value: Government priorities can expand beyond shareholder value. This impacts decisions on investments, dividends, and mergers.

To Wrap It Up…

Selecting the appropriate PSU stock is the point where many investors stumble, leading to unwise investment decisions. Yet, adopting a range of strategies can enhance your likelihood of securing a favourable investment outcome. 

These strategies encompass fundamental and economic analyses to assess the financial robustness of a PSU. However, when contemplating long-term investments, careful consideration is recommended before choosing a PSU.

FAQs

1. What is PSU stock?

PSU stocks refer to shares of companies that are categorised as Central Public Sector Undertakings, which is the PSU full form in share market. These are government-owned corporations or enterprises that operate in various sectors, including energy, finance, manufacturing, and infrastructure.

2. Is it good to invest in PSU stocks?

Investing in PSU stocks depends on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment strategy. These stocks provide stability and dividends. However, it’s crucial to research extensively, evaluate potential risks, and consult financial experts before making any investment choices.

3. Why are PSU sector stocks rising?

Government’s capital expenditure infusion turbocharged PSU stocks in 2023, matching up to private counterparts. The impact was profound, with 13 PSU stocks becoming multibaggers in 2023, yielding returns of up to 267%.

4. What is PSU full form?

The full form of PSU is Public Sector Undertaking. These are state-owned corporations or enterprises in India.

5. What are some of the PSU Stocks to buy in India?

The best PSU Stocks to buy in India are:
1. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation
3. Indian Oil Corporation

Note: This list is for educational purposes only, and is not recommendatory.