Home Collections Best PSU Stocks to Buy in India 2023 for Long Term Investments

Best PSU Stocks to Buy in India 2023 for Long Term Investments

Best PSU Stocks to Buy in India 2023 for Long Term Investments
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In the ever-evolving landscape of the Indian stock market, PSU stocks have long stood as pillars of stability and growth. They offer investors a unique blend of government backing and market potential. Let us now understand what are PSU stocks. 

What are Public Sector Undertakings (PSU)?

Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are government-owned companies or corporations that operate in various sectors of the economy. These entities are established by the government to undertake commercial activities. Their goal is providing essential goods and services to the public.

PSUs play a significant role in promoting economic growth, ensuring equitable distribution of resources, and advancing government policies. They operate under the control of the government and can be involved in industries such as energy, telecommunications, finance, manufacturing, and more.

List for the best PSU Stocks in India.

The following list of PSU Stocks have curated the best stocks in this sector for you! Here is a PSU company list that lists the best PSU stocks in India.

Company NameSub-sectorMarket Cap (Rs. in cr.)5Y CAGR (%)Share Price
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation LtdOil & Gas- Production & Exploration1,70,399.88-5.62₹183.4
Bharat Petroleum Corporation LtdOil & Gas – Refining & Marketing67,311.91-9.51₹363.75
Indian Oil Corporation LtdOil & Gas – Refining & Marketing98,919.27-11.90₹95.2
GAIL (India) LtdGas Distribution58,945.76-4.85₹128.5
Bharat Heavy Electricals LtdHeavy Electrical Equipments25,088.26-3.80₹139.85
Steel Authority of India LtdIron & Steel33,746.39-0.30₹99.95
Coal India LtdMining – Coal1,41,403.80-3.47₹278.95
NTPC LtdPower Generation1,59,413.191.51₹243.1
Power Grid Corporation of India LtdPower Transmission & Distribution1,52,797.297.16₹264.5

Note: The data in the PSU Stocks list is from 10th September 2023.  However, for real-time updates on stock prices and market trends, visit the smallcase stocks collection today!

Why invest in PSU stocks?

Here are a few features of PSU Stocks that make them an attractive investment.

Stability and Reliability:

Investing in PSU stocks or shares offer a remarkable sense of stability and reliability. Owing to their government ownership and support. The backing of the government provides a certain level of assurance, making them an attractive option, especially during times of market uncertainty.

Dividend Income:

PSU stocks are attractive due to their consistent dividend distribution history. with shareholders. Many PSUs have a tradition of sharing a portion of their profits with investors. That, in turn, provides a regular income stream and potentially enhances the overall returns on investment.

Long-Term Growth Potential:

While PSU stocks might not offer explosive short-term gains, they often provide gradual and sustainable long-term growth. This can be especially beneficial for investors who prioritise a steady appreciation of their investments over time.

Economic Growth Catalyst:

Investing in PSU stocks contributes directly to sectors that are critical for a country’s economic development. These sectors can encompass a wide range of industries. This includes energy, telecommunications, infrastructure, and more, all of which play pivotal roles in driving economic progress.

Diversification Benefits:

Diversification is a cornerstone of a well-balanced investment portfolio. By adding PSU stocks to your investment mix, you are diversifying your portfolio beyond privately-owned companies. This diversification can help mitigate risks associated with sector-specific downturns, providing a more resilient portfolio overall.

Government Support and Ownership:

Government ownership lends an additional layer of stability to PSU stocks. It implies that these companies have the support and backing of the government. This can act as a stabilising force even in times of market turbulence. 

Resilience in Volatile Markets:

PSU stocks have demonstrated a tendency to weather market volatility relatively well. Government ownership, conservative management, and essential service focus enhance the resilience of PSU stocks in market turbulence.

Overview of the best PSU stocks.

The following are the top PSU companies in India. Here is a brief overview of the best PSU Stocks in India:

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)

ONGC is India’s largest oil and gas exploration and production company. It holds a dominant position in the country’s energy sector, contributing significantly to domestic oil and gas production. With its robust presence in both upstream and downstream activities, ONGC is a compelling PSU stock.

Bharat Petroleum Corporation

BPCL is a notable PSU with a diversified portfolio across the energy spectrum. It plays a crucial role in India’s energy security, offering stability and expansion opportunities. Government support and strategic expansion further position BPCL as an appealing choice for investors.

Indian Oil Corporation

IOC, another major PSU, operates across the energy sector, ensuring India’s energy security. It has a massive market influence, government backing, and a stable dividend history. These factors make it an attractive option for investors.

The Categorisation of PSUs in India.

Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) in India are classified based on various criteria, reflecting their ownership, role, and strategic importance. 

  1. Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs): CPSEs are PSUs owned and controlled by the Central Government of India. They play a crucial role in the country’s economic growth and development across diverse sectors. CPSEs can further be categorised into three groups:
  • Maharatna: These are the most significant CPSEs with extensive operations and high profitability. They have greater financial autonomy and can make substantial investments and take important decisions without government approval.
  • Navratna: These CPSEs also hold considerable operational and financial autonomy. They are profitable and have the flexibility to invest in strategic initiatives.
  • Miniratna: Miniratna CPSEs have a more modest level of autonomy. They are further classified into Category-I and Category-II, with differing levels of operational independence.
  1. State Public Sector Enterprises (SPSEs): SPSEs are PSUs owned and controlled by state governments. They operate at the state level and contribute to regional economic growth. SPSEs are present across various sectors, such as power, transport, and agriculture.
  2. Joint Ventures (JVs): JVs are collaborations between public and private sector entities, often with the government holding a significant stake. Such partnerships harness both sectors’ strengths for shared goals like infrastructure development or resource extraction.
  3. PSU Bank Stocks- PSU bank stocks refer to the stocks of Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) banks in India. These banks are owned and operated by the government, playing a crucial role in the country’s financial sector. 

How to invest in PSU Stocks?

Here are a few strategies to employ while investing in PSU Stocks. 

  1. Diversify- Include PSU stocks as part of a diversified portfolio to mitigate risks associated with this sector.
  2. Exit Strategy- Determine exit points based on your investment goals, and be prepared to adjust your portfolio when needed.
  3. Continuous Learning- Stay informed about developments in the PSU sector and continuously educate yourself about investment strategies.
  4. Professional Advice- Consider seeking advice from financial experts who understand the intricacies of investing in PSU stocks.
  5. Regular portfolio review and adjustment- Frequently review your PSU stock portfolio. Government policies, earnings shifts, and market changes require adaptation. Manage risks, boost returns, ensure diversity, and inform decisions. Stay ahead in a sector shaped by distinct challenges and government influences.

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  2. They’re created and managed by SEBI-registered experts,
  3. smallcase.com offers over 200+ stock portfolios, created by 180+ managers.
  4. Some of the popular smallcases among new investors are as follows:

Equity & Gold smallcase by Windmill Capital

Top 100 Stocks smallcase by Windmill Capital

Disclosures for aforementioned smallcases

What are the factors to consider before investing in PSU stocks?

The followings factors must be considered when investing in PSU Stocks:

  1. Financial Performance- Assess the PSU’s financial health, including revenue growth, profit margins, and debt levels. A track record of consistent profitability is a positive sign.
  2. Government Policies- Understand how government policies and regulations impact the PSU’s operations. Changes can influence stock performance. This understanding is of importance in times of political instability, in case the government ownership or decision-making is impacted. 
  3. Market Position- Evaluate the PSU’s market share, competitive advantage, and growth prospects in its sector. This will provide you with an in-depth understanding of what you are getting yourself into.
  4. Management Quality- Analyse the management team’s experience, strategies, and transparency in decision-making.
  5. Risk Tolerance- Understand your risk tolerance and investment horizon before committing to PSU stocks.
  6. Valuation- Assess the stock’s valuation compared to earnings, book value, and industry peers. This allows you to get an idea about whether you’re making a profitable investment. 

What are the risks of investing in PSU stocks?

However attractive PSU Stocks may be, there are a few potential risks to consider:

  1. Bureaucracy and Inefficiency- The bureaucratic nature of PSUs often leads to sluggish decision-making. This can impede their ability to swiftly adapt to market shifts and drive innovation.
  2. Earnings Volatility- Many PSUs operate in cyclical industries like commodities, leading to fluctuating earnings during economic downturns.
  3. Lack of Incentives- Job security is high, but incentives are lacking. This slows down PSU management and hampers modernisation. The PSU sector suffers harshly because of this. 
  4. Market Reaction to Disinvestment- Government stake sale in a PSU can create market uncertainty. This impacts the stock’s performance.
  5. Dividend Surprise- While PSUs often offer dividends, the consistency of these payouts can be uncertain. The government’s dividend distribution policy and the company’s financial performance can influence the dividend amounts and frequency.

Advantages of investing in PSU Stocks

Here are the advantages of investing in PSU Stocks:

  • Government Backing-  PSU stocks are backed by government ownership, providing a level of stability and assurance for investors. Positive government policies and initiatives can positively impact the performance of PSUs.
  • Dividend Income- Many of these companies offer substantial dividends. In the BSE PSU Index with 57 firms, 29 had over 30 percent dividend payout ratios. Additionally, 19 displayed dividend yields above 5 percent (as of July 22, 2022). Hence, the attraction towards dividends is also apparent.
  • Inherent advantages- The majority of PSUs function within the notably cyclical domains of power, energy, and heavy metals. 

Owing to the cyclical characteristics of the commodities industry, the earnings of PSUs are subject to fluctuations. Nevertheless, recent rise in commodity prices could lead to reassessing the value of PSU stocks. This reflects changing market dynamics.

Disadvantages of investing in PSU Stocks

Here are a few potential disadvantages of investing in PSU Stocks:

  • Government Interference- PSU stocks, being government-owned, can encounter political and bureaucratic influences. These influences might not always align with the interests of investors.Changes in policies or leadership can impact their operations.
  • Market Performance- Certain PSUs might underperform compared to private companies. This could be due to inefficiencies, outdated technologies, or a lack of strategic focus.
  • Uncertain Dividend Payouts- PSUs often provide dividends, but these can be irregular. Inconsistencies arise from company performance and government dividend policies.
  • Low Trading Liquidity- Certain PSU stocks could have low trading volumes, causing liquidity problems. This might impact the ease of buying or selling shares.
  • Limited Focus on Shareholder Value- Government priorities can expand beyond shareholder value. This impacts decisions on investments, dividends, and mergers.

To Wrap It Up.;..

Selecting the appropriate PSU stock is the point where many investors stumble, leading to unwise investment decisions. Yet, adopting a range of strategies can enhance your likelihood of securing a favourable investment outcome. 

These strategies encompass fundamental and economic analyses to assess the financial robustness of a PSU. However, when contemplating long-term investments, careful consideration is recommended before choosing a PSU.


1. What is PSU stock?

PSU stocks refer to shares of companies that are categorised as Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs). These are government-owned corporations or enterprises that operate in various sectors, including energy, finance, manufacturing, and infrastructure.

2. Is it good to invest in PSU stocks?

Investing in PSU stocks depends on your financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment strategy. These stocks provide stability and dividends. However, it’s crucial to research extensively, evaluate potential risks, and consult financial experts before making any investment choices.

3. Why are PSU sector stocks rising?

PSU sector stocks are performing better due to digital tech adoption. Additionally, the country’s favourable economy, improved assets, credit expansion, higher net interest margins (NIMs), and government reforms also contribute.

4. What is PSU full form?

The full form of PSU is Public Sector Undertaking. These are state-owned corporations or enterprises in India.

5. What are the best PSU Stocks to buy in India?

The best PSU Stocks to buy in India are:
1. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
2. Bharat Petroleum Corporation
3. Indian Oil Corporation