Home Learn Understanding Nifty Weightage for 2024: Top Stocks, Sector Wise Distribution, and Key Components

Nifty weightage potentially plays a crucial role in determining the performance and direction of the Nifty 50 index.

Nifty 50 is a benchmark index of the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and can be widely used by investors to track the performance of the Indian stock market. The index comprises top 50 stocks of large and well-established companies across 12 sectors, and each weightage in Nifty index is determined by its market capitalization

In this blog, we will discuss the significance of Nifty weightage, list of nifty 50 stocks, the factors affecting it, and how it can impact an investor’s decisions.

## What is NIFTY 50 Weightage?

Nifty 50 weightage refers to the proportionate representation of individual stocks in the Nifty 50 index. The NIFTY 50 index is a benchmark stock market index in India that comprises the top 50 companies listed on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) based on market capitalization.

The weightage of each company in the Nifty 50 index can be determined by its market capitalisation, which is calculated by multiplying the company’s total outstanding shares by its current market price.

The Nifty weightage of each stock in the Nifty 50 index can be important as it determines the overall performance of the index. A company with a higher weightage in the index may have a greater impact on the index’s movement compared to a company with a lower weightage. As a result, investors and traders can closely monitor the weightage of individual stocks in the index to make informed investment decisions.

## How Nifty is Calculated?

The Nifty index calculation uses a free-float market capitalization method. This means the total market capitalization of the index can be calculated by multiplying the price of each stock with its free-float shares. Free-float market capitalization refers to the total market value of a company’s outstanding shares, taking into account only the shares available for trading in the open market, excluding locked-in shares and promoter holdings.

The Nifty weightage calculator uses this market capitalization of each constituent to determine the weight of each stock in the index. Stocks with higher market capitalization may carry more weight in the index, meaning their price movements have a more significant impact on the index value.

Similarly, the Bank Nifty weightage, a sectoral index comprising banking stocks, employs a similar methodology. The Bank Nifty components weightage can be calculated based on the free-float market capitalization of each bank stock included in the index. It can be reassessed periodically and can change based on various factors such as stock price movements, corporate actions, or changes in the number of outstanding shares.

## List of Top 10 Nifty 50 Stocks Weightage

Let’s look at the top 10 Nifty 50 stocks’ weightage in India.

Company NameIndustry Weightage
HDFC Bank LtdFinancial Services13.77%
Reliance Industries LtdOil & Gas9.56%
ICICI Bank LtdFinancial Services7.87%
Infosys LtdInformation Technology6.01%
ITC LtdFMCG4.55%
Tata Consultancy Services Ltd (TCS)Information Technology4.04%
Larsen & Toubro Ltd (L&T)Construction3.84%
Axis Bank LtdFinancial Services3.13%
Kotak Mahindra Bank LtdFinancial Services3.04%
Hindustan Unilever LtdFMCG2.93%
###### Disclaimer: Please note that the above list is for educational purposes only, and is not recommendatory. Please do your own research or consult your financial advisor before investing.

Note: The data on the top Nifty 50 stocks in India is from 7th April 2024.  However, for real-time updates on stock prices and market trends, visit the smallcase stocks collection today!

## Top 10 Nifty 50 Stocks Weightage: An Overview

### HDFC Bank Ltd

Since acquiring its parent company in April 2022, HDFC Bank has risen to become India’s largest commercial bank and ranks among the top five globally by market capitalization. Recognised as a domestic systemically important bank (D-SIB) by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), HDFC Bank Ltd boasted a market capitalisation exceeding ₹12.53 lakh crore as of December 12, 2023. Over the past three years, HDFC Bank’s stock price has surged by over 19%.

### Reliance Industries Ltd

Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is India’s largest company, both in market capitalization and revenue. Based in Mumbai, RIL operates across various sectors, including energy, petrochemicals, textiles, retail, telecommunications, financial services, renewable energy, and media. Under Mukesh Ambani’s leadership, the company boasted a market capitalization of approximately ₹16.62 lakh crore as of December 7, 2023.

### ICICI Bank Ltd

Established in 1955, the Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI) morphed into ICICI Bank Limited in 1994. Initially known as ICICI Banking Corporation Limited, the bank held a 75% stake in ICICI Group. In 1999, it rebranded as ICICI Bank Limited. Today, it stands as India’s second-largest commercial bank, offering a range of financial services including savings, loans, credit cards, insurance, and more.

### Infosys Ltd

Based in Bengaluru, Infosys leads globally in digital services and consulting. It ranks as India’s second-largest IT firm by revenue, operating across numerous nations. Offering diverse solutions like IT services, consulting, outsourcing, and digital marketing, Infosys serves clients in over 56 countries. With a workforce exceeding 343,200 employees, it stands as one of India’s top private employers.

### ITC Ltd

ITC Limited, originally named the Imperial Tobacco Company of India Limited, began as a British-owned company on August 24, 1910. It was later renamed India Tobacco Company Limited in 1970 and rebranded as ITC Limited in 1974. Originally focused on tobacco trading, ITC has since evolved into a conglomerate with interests in various sectors including fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG), hotels, packaging, agri-business, and information technology. Today, it is one of India’s largest private sector companies, boasting a diverse portfolio and a significant presence in multiple industries.

### Tata Consultancy Services Ltd (TCS)

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), headquartered in Mumbai, is a leading IT services and consulting firm. As part of the Tata Group conglomerate, it ranks second in India by market capitalisation and is a top global IT service brand. TCS also manages a manufacturing facility in Mapusa, Goa.

### Larsen & Toubro Ltd (L&T)

Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T) is a prominent engineering and construction company with over seven decades of experience. Alongside its leadership role in India’s engineering and construction sector, L&T has established a significant presence in IT, finance, and power industries. The company operates globally, with offices and manufacturing units in multiple countries.

### Axis Bank Ltd

Axis Bank, a prominent private sector bank headquartered in Mumbai, operates extensively across India and abroad. Formerly known as UTI Bank from 1993 to 2007, it ranks third among private sector banks by assets and holds the fourth position by market capitalisation. Axis Bank is a significant player in both retail and corporate banking sectors, serving a diverse clientele, including large corporations, mid-sized enterprises, small-to-medium enterprises (SMEs), and retail businesses.

### Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd

Kotak Mahindra Bank Limited, a prominent financial institution, offers corporate and retail customers a wide range of banking and financial services. Established in February 2003, following the acquisition of a banking license from the Reserve Bank of India, it became the first non-banking finance company in India to do so. The merger with ING Vysya Bank Limited in 2015 further expanded its reach. Today, it operates in personal finance, investment banking, life insurance, and wealth management, catering to diverse financial needs.

### Hindustan Unilever Ltd

India’s largest FMCG company, Hindustan Unilever Limited (HUL), established in 1933 and headquartered in Mumbai, traces its origins back to the marketing of Sunlight soap bars from England in 1888. With a market capitalisation exceeding ₹6 lakh crore as of December 19, 2023, HUL has solidified its position as a major player in the FMCG sector. Over the last three years, HUL’s share price has surged by almost 10%.

## How Does Nifty 50 Select a Company?

The selection criteria for Nifty 50 include the following factors:

• Liquidity: The stock can potentially have a high level of trading volume and be easily tradable. As it usually ensures that the index remains representative of the market and reflects changes in market sentiment.
• Market Capitalization: The stock ideally must have a large market capitalization. It can ensure that the index is representative of the largest and most influential stocks in the market.
• Sector Representation: The Nifty 50 sector weightage should represent different sectors of the economy. It can reflect the overall performance of the Indian stock market.
• Financial Stability: The stock potentially with a solid financial track record is preferred by investors. It ensures that the index may remain representative of the market and reflects changes in market sentiment.
• Listing History: The stock must have been on the NSE for a certain minimum period of time to ensure that the index reflects the performance of established and well-established companies.

## How to Invest in Nifty 50?

You can invest in the NIFTY 50 index in multiple ways:

1. NIFTY 50 ETFs: These function like regular stocks on the exchange, allowing you to easily buy and sell them. They mirror the NIFTY 50 index’s performance, offering exposure to the entire index through a single security.
2. Index Funds: These mutual funds track the NIFTY 50’s performance, investing in the same 50 stocks. They aim to replicate the index’s performance.
3. NIFTY Derivatives: Futures and options are examples of derivatives tied to the NIFTY 50 index. These contracts derive their value from the index. However, investing in derivatives is generally more complex and risky compared to ETFs or index funds.

## Nifty 50 Weighting Method Calculation

The Nifty weightage is calculated using a market capitalization-weighted methodology. This means that each stock’s weight in the index is determined by its market capitalization. Market capitalization is calculated by multiplying the number of outstanding shares of a company by its current market price.

Let’s understand the calculation of the NIFTY 50 weighting method with the help of an example.

### Example of the Calculation of Nifty 50 Weightage Method

Suppose Company A and Company B are both constituents of the NIFTY 50 and they have the following market capitalizations:

Company A: 5 lakh shares * Rs. 10 per share = Rs. 50,00,000

Company B: 2 lakh shares * Rs. 15 per share = Rs. 30,00,000

The Nifty 50 index is calculated by summing up the market capitalizations of all 50 constituent companies and then dividing each stock’s market capitalisation by the index’s total market capitalization.

In this example, the total market capitalization of the Nifty 50 would be:

Company A + Company B = Rs. 50,00,000 + Rs. 30,00,000 = Rs. 80,00,000

So, the weight of Company A in the NIFTY 50 = Rs. 50 lakh / Rs. 80 lakh= 0.62 or 62.5%. Similarly, the weight of Company B in the NIFTY 50 = Rs. 30 lakh/ Rs. 80 lakh= 0.375 or 37.5%

The Nifty 50 companies’ weightage method ensures that it represents the broader market and reflects the changes in the market value of the constituent stocks over time. The Nifty weightage stocks in the index are reviewed and rebalanced semi-annually, ensuring that the index remains representative of the Indian stock market.

## Factors Affecting Nifty Weightage

Let’s have a look at the factors that could affect Nifty stocks weightage.

• Market Capitalization: Market cap weighted is the total market value of a company’s outstanding shares. It is determined by the market cap of the companies in the index.
• Stock Price Movement: The movement of stock prices in the index affects the weightage of stocks in Nifty. A rise in a company’s stock price leads to an increase in its weightage, and vice versa.
• Inclusion/Exclusion of Companies: The addition or removal of companies from the index affects the weightage of other companies.
• Impact of Corporate Actions on Weightage: Corporate actions such as mergers, acquisitions, and stock splits can impact Nifty stock weightage. For example, if a company undergoes a stock split, its weightage may decrease. While the nifty index weightage may increase.

## Significance of Nifty Weightage for Investors

### Importance in Tracking Market Trends

The Nifty 50 weightage gives investors an idea of the performance of the overall stock market as it reflects the market capitalization of the listed companies. A higher weightage of stocks in nifty 50 indicates that it has a higher influence on the index. And how its performance can impact the overall market trend.

## Understanding Sector Weightage in Nifty for Portfolio Allocation

The Nifty is a sector-based index, and the weightage of each sector reflects its contribution to the overall market. By understanding the sectoral weightage, investors can allocate their portfolios accordingly and balance their investments across various sectors.

## Impact on Investment Strategies and Decisions

Nifty weightage can also impact investment decisions as it provides insights into the performance of specific stocks and sectors. Investors can use this information to develop their investment strategies. It also helps them decide which stocks to invest in or divest from, and make informed investment decision

## Benefits of Being a Nifty 50 Company

Inclusion in the Nifty 50 index marks a significant milestone for Indian companies, offering several advantages. It boosts their visibility and appeal to investors, both local and international.

### Enhanced Visibility

Companies added to the Nifty 50 gain instant recognition, become prominent in the market, and attract attention from various stakeholders, including analysts and institutional investors.

Nifty 50 constituents typically witness higher trading volumes as they become preferred choices for retail and institutional investors. This heightened liquidity often translates to lower transaction costs and improved price discovery.

### Attractiveness to Institutional Investors

Being part of the Nifty 50 index makes stocks more appealing to institutional investors, such as Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs) and Domestic Institutional Investors (DIIs). These investors frequently refer to benchmark indices when shaping their portfolios, potentially leading to increased investments and positive impacts on stock prices.

### Inclusion in Passive Investment Vehicles

The Nifty 50 serves as a benchmark for numerous index funds and Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs). Consequently, companies included in the index automatically become part of these passive investment options, resulting in a steady influx of funds from mutual funds tracking the Nifty 50.

### Greater Research Coverage

Companies listed in the Nifty 50 index receive more attention from financial analysts and research institutions, providing investors with a wealth of information and analysis to inform their decisions.

### Facilitated Capital Raising

Nifty 50 inclusion may streamline the process of raising capital for companies through equity offerings or debt instruments.

### Positive Influence on Share Prices

The prestigious association with the Nifty 50 often leads to higher valuations for constituent stocks, as investors may be willing to pay a premium for companies included in such a reputable benchmark.

## To Wrap It Up…

Nifty 50 is an important benchmark index for the Indian share market. The stock weightage in nifty 50 can significantly impact the investment decisions of traders and investors. By understanding the factors that affect the index’s component weightage, you can better track market trends, allocate portfolios, and make informed investment decisions.

Moreover, Nifty’s sectoral weightage is an essential aspect to consider while constructing a diversified portfolio. Being aware of the weightage and its impact can help you navigate the Indian stock market with success and confidence.Want to invest in portfolios that can beat the indices? You could try equity investing via smallcase for expert-made portfolios and a quick, seamless experience.

## FAQs

1. What is the weightage of Nifty constituents?

The weightage of stocks in the Nifty index represents their relative importance within the index. It is determined based on market capitalisation, liquidity, and free float.

2. What is the weightage of Nifty 50?

The weightage of stocks in the Nifty 50 index reflects their significance within the index. It is based on their market capitalization, trading volume, and other relevant factors.

3. How do you calculate the Nifty Index?

The Nifty index is calculated using a methodology that considers the free float market capitalisation of each stock.

4. Which is the most heavyweight in Nifty 50?

The highest nifty 50 weightage stocks have the highest market capitalization. However, the specific weightage may change over time due to market fluctuations and changes in individual stocks’ market capitalization.

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