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Learn Stock Market Timing in India: Explore Open & Close Timings for NSE & BSE Share Markets

Learn Stock Market Timing in India: Explore Open & Close Timings for NSE & BSE Share Markets
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The stock market opening time in India can play a pivotal role in shaping your trading strategies. Different stock exchanges, such as the BSE and NSE, have specific timings that determine when you can buy and sell stocks. These timings can influence market volatility and trading volumes, impacting your investment decisions. But, what is the timing of share market in India? In this blog, let’s explore the share market timings in India, including the opening and closing times of the BSE and NSE, their importance, and how they may affect your trading strategies.

What are Stock Market Timings?

Stock market timings refer to the operating hours of the stock exchange, during which investors can buy and sell stocks. Share market opening time and closing time depend on the stock exchange and the country in which it operates. The trading time in India runs from 9:15 am to 3:30 pm. Traders can buy and sell shares without any restrictions during this time.

Why is Indian Share Market Timing Important?

Indian stock market timings can play a crucial role in determining the time at which investors can enter or exit the market for trade. As a result, investors need to understand the timings of the stock market to make informed investment decisions.

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Stock Market Opening Time in India

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) are the two major exchanges in India. The share market trading time is the same for both the established stock exchanges. Share market opening time is 9:00 am and share market closing time is 3:30 pm on 5 days of the week (Monday-Friday).

Here are three different divisions of trading time in India:

Pre-opening Timings in India

The pre-open session in India starts at 9:00 am and lasts 15 minutes. During this Indian market opening time, investors can place orders to buy or sell stocks. The NSE has an order collection period of 8* minutes for order entry, modification and cancellation. During this period, orders can be entered, modified and cancelled. Thus, the pre-open session is divided into three parts:

  • 9:00 am to 9:08 am: During this ‘order entry period’, investors can place orders, and traders can modify them  
  • 9:08 am to 9:12 am: This time is reserved for matching orders, which involves comparing the demand and supply. It enables traders to determine the final prices when the market opens at 9:15 am.
  • 9:12 am to 9:15 am: During this three-minute period, the exchange determines the final opening price based on the buy and sell orders placed. Thus, traders cannot set and modify orders.

Pre-open session timings (BSE and NSE): 9:00 am to 9:15 am

(* System driven random closure between 7th and 8th minute).

Normal Trading Session Timings in India

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) are the two primary stock exchanges in India. The trade start time for both exchanges is from 9:15 am to 3:30 pm, Monday to Friday. Traders can buy and sell their orders without any restrictions during this period. Thus, a bilateral session is carried out during the session i.e. a sell order gets matched with a buy order.

Regular trading session timings: 9:15 am to 3:30 pm

Post-closing Session Timings in India

he stock market closing time in India starts immediately after the trading session ends at 3:30 pm and lasts until 4:00 pm. During the market close, investors can place orders to buy or sell stocks at the closing price.

The post-market session is divided into three parts:

  • 3:30 pm to 3:40 pm: During this period, the closing price gets calculated by considering the weighted average of stock prices traded from 3:00 pm to 3:30 pm. Please note that NSE and BSE trading timings are the same.
  • 3:40 pm to 4:00 pm: At this point, traders can place bids for the next trading day. These are known as After-Market Orders (AMO). Thus, capital gains can be realised if the closing price exceeds the initial share price by an investor who has already placed their bids. In case closing share price exceeds the opening share price, the bids can be annulled between 9:00 and 9:08 am. 

Post-closing session timings (BSE and NSE): 3:40 pm to 4:00 pm.

To sum up, the stock market timings in India can be demonstrated by the following table:

Pre-opening Session9:00 am – 9:15 am
Normal Trading Session9:15 am – 3:30 pm
Closing Session3:30 pm – 4:00 pm

Significance of Stock Market Timings

Time Zones and Global Markets

The share market timing may vary across countries due to the different time zones. For example, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) operates from 9:30 am to 4 pm Eastern Standard Time (EST) in the United States, which is equivalent to 6:30 pm to 1 am Indian Standard Time (IST). Therefore, investors need to keep track of the global markets and their timings to make informed decisions.

Impact of Economic News on Share Market Time in India

Economic news, such as the release of GDP figures or inflation data, can significantly impact the stock market. For example, positive economic news can lead to an increase in the stock prices of companies that are likely to benefit from the news. On the other hand, negative news can lead to a decline in stock prices. Therefore, investors need to be aware of the impact of economic news on the stock market to make informed decisions.

Trading Strategies Based on Stock Market Timings

Investors can adopt different trading strategies based on the stock market timings. For example, for intraday trading time, traders usually trade during the opening hours of the stock market when the volatility is high. Swing traders, on the other hand, hold their positions for a few days to capture the price movements. Long-term investors, such as mutual funds, invest in stocks for the long term and do not bother much about short-term price fluctuations. Investors should adopt a trading strategy that suits their investment goals and risk appetite.

What are Commodity Trading Timings?

Commodity trading is fundamental to the Indian economy. Participants, including investors and traders, engage in the trading of diverse commodities such as gold, silver, crude oil, and agricultural products. India hosts three major commodity exchanges:

  • The Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX)
  • The National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX)
  • The Indian Commodity Exchange (ICEX)

The commodity market functions throughout the year, from Monday to Friday, with the exception of pre-declared trading holidays.

Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX) Trading Schedule

Special Session8:45 am to 8:59 amThe Special Session, also referred to as the Order Cancellation Session, is conducted to allow traders or investors to cancel pending orders before the market opens. It’s essential to recognize that no actual trades occur during this period.
Continuous Session9:15 am to 3:30 pmThe continuous session, commonly known as Market Hours, is the primary trading session where the majority of buying and selling activities take place. Investors, traders, and market participants can engage in transactions involving stocks, bonds, and other listed financial instruments.
Normal Session9:00 am to 11:30 pmOrders can be placed during this period.
Post Market Session11:30 pm to 11:55 pmDuring the post-market session, investors can submit orders for the upcoming trading day. It’s important to note that orders placed in this session will only be executed when the regular trading session commences the following day.
Extended Trading Hours11:30 pm to 11:55 pmIndian Commodity Exchanges have introduced Extended Trading Hours to accommodate various participants. These extended hours offer additional flexibility to align with global commodity markets. It’s worth mentioning that the extended trading hours may vary based on the commodity and the exchange.

Muhurat Trading

Since Diwali is a national holiday commemorating a religious occasion, normal trading is often suspended. However, every year, on Diwali, the market opens for one hour called Muhurat Trading. Trades executed on this day are often considered auspicious. For example, this year, on Diwali, November 12, 2023, the share market buy and sell time for both NSE and BSE Muhurat Trading was around 6:15 pm to 7:15 pm.

Holiday List for NSE and BSE

  • National Holidays – National holidays in India include Independence Day, Republic Day, and Gandhi Jayanti.
  • Regional Holidays – Regional holidays vary depending on the state or region.
  • Trading Holidays – Trading holidays include weekends and other holidays observed by the stock exchange. Exchanges schedule and observe trading holidays for events like assembly elections or unforeseen circumstances. Investors should check the holiday list and plan their investments accordingly.

What are After Market Orders?

After-market orders allow investors to place buy or sell orders after regular trading hours or market close time. These orders are executed when the market opens the next day.

What is a Block Deal Session?

The block deal session is a special session on the stock exchange where large orders of a minimum quantity of shares or minimum value of transactions are executed at a single price. These deals are usually made to avoid fluctuations in the market.

Block Deal Session (NSE Timings):

  • Morning  Block Deal Window (first session): This window shall operate between 08:45 am to 09:00 am
  • Afternoon Block Deal Window: This window shall operate between 02:05 pm to 2:20 pm.

Tips for Trading During Share Market Time

Investors who want to trade during stock market opening time and closing time must be aware of the risks and opportunities associated with it. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Importance of Monitoring Market Timings:  Investors must actively monitor the market timings of the exchanges they are interested in, in order to seize trading opportunities.
  • Identifying Trading Opportunities During Market Timings: It is advisable to stay informed about economic news and events that may affect the stock market. Investors can identify potential trading opportunities by keeping an eye on the news and the NSE share market timings.
  • Risks Associated with Trading During Share Market Time: Investors must acknowledge the risks of intraday trading during market hours, including market volatility and the potential for sudden price changes

To Wrap It Up…

Investing in stocks can be a lucrative way to build wealth over time. However, it requires significant research and an understanding of the stock market’s fundamentals. Understanding stock market timings is one of the most critical aspects of investing in stocks. Now trade seamlessly, enjoy market trading, and practice commodity trading with stock market trading timings.

Frequently Asked Questions on Stock Market Timings

1. When Indian stock market opens?

On weekdays, the opening time of the share market is from 9:15 am to 3:30 pm. During this period, one can engage in transactions without any restriction. Please note that the Indian stock market timing for NSE and BSE is the same.

2. Is it possible to buy stocks beyond market hours?

Following the closure of the stock buying time, it is possible to submit and sell orders, with the actual trade execution taking place on the subsequent trading day during regular trading hours.

3. Is the share market open on Saturday?

Besides the regular calendar holidays, exchanges typically remain closed on weekends. However, they have the discretion to hold special trading sessions on rare occasions.

4. What are commodity trading timings?

Commodity market time depends on the Multi Commodity Exchange of India Ltd (MCX). The morning share-buying time begins at 10:00 am and concludes at 11:30 am, while the evening stock-buying time extends from 5:00 pm and closes at either 11:30 pm or 11:55 pm.

5. Can I buy stock at night?

In India, the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) are the primary exchanges. BSE market timings for equity trading span from 3:45 pm to 8:59 am, while NSE open time is from 3:45 pm to 8:57 am.

6. What is the BSE start time?

The BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) start time is 9:15 AM IST. It operates from Monday to Friday, with a pre-opening session beginning at 9:00 AM IST.

7. What is the closing time of share market in India?

The Indian stock market closing time is 3:30 PM IST. This applies to both the BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) and NSE (National Stock Exchange).

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