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What are Dividend Stocks? Dividend Yield Stocks Meaning & Types in the Stock Market

What are Dividend Stocks? Dividend Yield Stocks Meaning & Types in the Stock Market
Reading Time: 14 minutes

Investing in stocks that pay a dividend is a great way to earn a steady stream of passive income, while also potentially benefiting from long-term capital appreciation. 

Want to know how?

Read more about what are dividends, what are dividend yields, and how dividend stocks might just be the perfect choice for you!

What is a Dividend in the Share Market? 

The dividends definition in the share market are payments made by a company to its shareholders, which are decided by the board of directors. Dividends are often distributed quarterly and can be offered in cash or reinvestment of additional stocks. 

For investors, dividends provide impressive returns at a dated interval that can be used to evaluate a company’s performance and potential. You can also keep track of your dividend returns of the top dividend stocks in India by yourself. Thus, common shareholders receive dividends in the highest dividend paying companies, if they own stock before the ex-dividend date.

Types of Dividends in the Share Market

Companies typically distribute dividends on common stock through various means. Now that we have started to explore the concept of dividends, looking at their types is the natural next step:

  • Cash Distributions: The most prevalent type and example of dividends, where companies directly deposit cash into shareholders’ brokerage accounts.
  • Stock Payouts: Instead of cash, companies may issue additional shares of stock as a form of dividend.
  • Dividend Reinvestment Programs (DRIPs): Investors in DRIPs can reinvest received dividends back into the company’s stock, often at a discounted rate. Participation in DRIPs is optional; investors can choose to receive cash dividends.
  • Special Payouts: These one-time payouts cover all common stock shares and are issued sporadically to distribute accumulated profits, usually over several years.
  • Preferred Stock Dividends: This dividend is paid to preferred stockholders, with dividends usually fixed and the dividend is paid on a quarterly basis, resembling bond payments more than common stock dividends.

Types of Dividend Stocks

Dividend stocks meaning are stocks of companies that pay dividends to their shareholders. Dividends are a distribution of a portion of a company’s earnings to its shareholders. In the stock market, there are different forms of dividends such as cash, stock, or property. Here are the four types of dividend stocks:

  • Blue-Chip Dividend Stocks: These are Blue-Chip stocks of large, well-established companies with a history of stable earnings and consistent dividend payments. They are considered to be low-risk, long-term investments that can provide steady income to investors.
  • High-Yield Dividend Stocks: These are stocks that pay a higher dividend yield than the average yield of the stock market. High-yield dividend stocks are often associated with companies that are experiencing financial difficulties or are in declining industries. Investing in high-yield dividend stocks can be riskier than dividend investing in blue-chip dividend stocks, but they can offer higher returns.
  • Dividend Aristocrats: These are stocks of companies that have increased their dividend payments for at least 25 consecutive years. Dividend aristocrats are considered to be stable, long-term investments that can provide a reliable source of income to investors.
  • Dividend Kings: These are stocks of companies that have increased their dividend payments for at least 50 consecutive years. Dividend kings are considered to be the most stable, long-term investments that can provide a reliable source of income to investors.

Dividend Kings smallcase by Angel One

Calculating Dividend 

The calculation of dividends depends on the type of dividend being paid.

  • Regular Cash Dividends: For regular cash dividends, the dividend amount is typically declared by the company’s board of directors as a specific dollar amount dividend per share. For example, if a company declares a dividend of ₹0.50 per share and an investor owns 100 shares of that company, they would receive a total dividend payment of ₹50.
  • Stock Dividends: For stock dividends, the company declares a dividend by issuing additional shares of stock to its shareholders. The number of shares issued is proportional to the number of shares that the shareholder already owns. For example, if a company declares a stock dividend of 5%, a shareholder who owns 100 shares would receive an additional 5 shares (100 x 5% = 5).
  • Dividend Yield: For the dividend yield calculation, which is the annual dividend payment divided by the stock price, the formula is:
Dividend Yield Formula = (Annual Dividend Payment / Stock Price) x 100

For example, if a stock is currently trading at ₹50 per share and pays an annual dividend of ₹2 per share, the dividend yield would be:

Dividend Yield = (₹2 / ₹50) x 100 = 4%

Who Declares Dividends and How They Are Paid?

Dividends are declared by a company’s board of directors, which is responsible for setting company policies and making major decisions. The board of directors determines the amount and the payment date. Once the board of directors has declared, the company will typically make a public announcement to inform shareholders.

To answer your question, how are dividends paid? Dividends are typically paid in cash. Although companies may also choose to pay dividends in the form of additional shares of stock or other assets. Typically, companies pay out cash dividends to shareholders on a regular basis, such as quarterly or annually. Therefore, make the payment through a check or electronic deposit to the shareholder’s brokerage account

Regardless, to understand the impact of dividend declaration on stock prices one must become familiar with the important dates.

For instance, the table below highlights the most important dividend dates.

Dividend DateDescription
Declaration DateThe date on which the company’s board of directors declares the dividend and announces the amount and payment date.
Ex-Dividend DateThe first day on which a stock trades without the dividend payment. An investor who purchases the stock on or after this date is not entitled to receive the upcoming dividend payment.
Record DateThe date on which the company reviews its records to determine which shareholders are eligible to receive the dividend payment. 
Payment DateThe date on which the dividend payment is made to eligible shareholders.

Why is Dividend Declared By Companies? 

Dividends are declared by companies as a way to distribute a portion of their profits to their shareholders. When a company earns a profit, it has a few options for what to do with that money. It can reinvest the money back into the business to fund growth and expansion. They can also use it to pay down debt, or distribute it to shareholders in the form of company dividends.

There are a few reasons why companies choose to pay dividends: 

  1. Rewarding Shareholders: Dividends are a way for companies to reward their shareholders for their investment in the company. By paying dividends, companies can attract and retain dividend investors who are seeking regular income from their investments.
  2. Attracting New Investors: Companies that pay dividends can be attractive to new investors who are looking for stable and predictable returns. This can help the company to raise additional capital and finance its growth.
  3. Meeting Investor Expectations: Some investors, such as retirees or those seeking steady income, may expect companies to pay dividends. Companies that fail to pay dividends or reduce their dividend payments may be viewed negatively by these investors.
  4. Demonstrating Financial Strength: Companies that are able to pay dividends consistently over time demonstrate financial strength and stability. This can enhance the company’s reputation and attract new investors.
  5. Tax Advantages: In some cases, paying dividends can provide tax advantages for both the company and its shareholders. For example, in some jurisdictions, dividends are taxed at a lower rate than capital gains.

How do Dividend Stocks Work?

Invest in dividend stocks like any other stock through your brokerage or investment accounts. Dividend payments, determined by a company’s board of directors, can be in cash, stock shares, or reinvestment programs.

Key dates include the payout and ex-dividend dates, with the latter being the cutoff for dividend eligibility. Ensure you’re on the shareholder list before this date; otherwise, you’ll receive dividends in the next payment cycle.

Earnings depend on the company’s dividend program. Cash dividends go to your investment account, offering flexibility. Stock dividends provide extra shares. Some companies have DRIPs, reinvesting dividends, and offer special dividends.

Payouts vary among companies, with dividends per share, meaning more shares result in higher earnings. Some companies offer lower but more frequent payouts, like quarterly instead of annually.

How to Evaluate Dividends?

To gauge a company’s dividend health and make informed comparisons with peers, investors can employ various methods.

Dividend per share (DPS)

Companies demonstrating consistent year-over-year dividend growth are particularly attractive. Calculating the dividend per share reveals the dividends distributed by a company for each share of stock within a specific timeframe. Monitoring a company’s DPS provides insights into its ability to sustain dividend growth.

Dividend yield

Financial websites or online brokers furnish the dividend yield. This is a metric derived by dividing a company’s annual dividend by its stock price on a specific date. This measure levels the playing field, facilitating a more precise comparison of dividend stocks.

Dividend payout ratio

A quick indicator of dividend safety is the payout ratio, representing the proportion of a company’s net income allocated to dividend payments. If a company allocates 100% or more of its income to dividends, caution is warranted, as tough times could jeopardize dividend payouts. Investors generally seek payout ratios of 80% or lower for stability.

What is the Impact of Dividends on Share Prices?

Paying dividends to shareholders doesn’t necessarily impact a business’s overall value. However, it does decrease the venture’s equity value by the exact dividend amount. Once paid, dividends are permanently debited from the books.

When a company announces a dividend, share prices initially rise due to market activity and the premium investors are willing to pay for potential dividends. However, after the dividend eligibility date passes, share prices tend to decline. Especially for new investors who aren’t eligible for dividends.

If the market remains optimistic until the ex-dividend date, the stock’s value may increase more than the dividend itself. Despite fluctuations, such occurrences often contribute to an overall rise in a company’s stock value.

Dividend and Financial Modeling

A dividend isn’t an expense but rather an allocation of a company’s retained earnings. Consequently affecting financial modeling by directly influencing total equity. The table illustrates dividend impacts on financial statements:

Financial StatementsImpact
Balance SheetReduces cash and retained earnings when paid.
Cash Flow Statement Reported as a use of cash in financing activities.
Statement of Retained EarningsNoted as a decrease in retained earnings.
Income StatementNo impact

Dividend Yield vs Dividend Ratio 

Let us now explore the differences between dividend yield vs dividend payout. 

So, comparing corporate dividends, a dividend yield tells you the rate of return in the form of cash dividends to its shareholders. The dividend yield meaning is represented in percentage instead of the actual dollar value. This makes it a bit easier for shareholders to calculate the dividend returns based on the percentage value. 

Another popular financial metric for many investors is the dividend payout ratio. A dividend payout ratio is the proportion of its net income that is distributed as dividends as compensation to its shareholders. Generally, dividend payout ratios are regarded as better indicators of a company’s financial strength because they directly relate to cash flow. 

How to Invest in Dividend Stocks in smallcase? 

Learning how to invest in dividend stocks portfolio via a platform like smallcase can be a good strategy. Here are some steps to consider when investing in dividend stocks:

  • Individual Stocks vs Dividend ETFs: When investing in dividend stocks, you have the option of buying individual stocks or investing in dividend exchange-traded funds (ETFs). By investing in Dividend ETFs, you get the exposure of portfolio management and investing as it provides diversification and with lower risk when you invest in smallcase. 
  • Choosing a Brokerage Platform: Via smallcase you can invest through a brokerage platform, such as Zerodha, HDFC Securities, 5paisa, AngelOne, Groww and more.  You can buy and sell pre-built portfolios of stocks, including dividend-based smallcases. Thus, you must consider factors such as brokerage fees, ease of use, and customer support when choosing a brokerage platform.
  • Creating a Dividend Portfolio: You can create a dividend portfolio by selecting a group of high dividend-paying stocks or dividend ETFs. One way to create a dividend portfolio is to use a platform like smallcase. This platform provides pre-built portfolios based on specific themes or investment strategies. Thus, you can also create your own dividend portfolio by selecting individual stocks or ETFs based on their own research and analysis.
  • Reinvesting Dividends: At last, you can choose to reinvest the dividends you receive from dividend stocks or ETFs. Thus, reinvesting dividends can help to increase the overall return on investment over time, as the reinvested dividends can generate additional income and potential capital gains.

Who Should Invest in Dividend Stocks?

Investing in dividend stocks appeals to a specific set of investors with distinct financial goals and risk profiles. Individuals seeking a consistent stream of income over time often find dividend stocks attractive. Retirees, in particular, appreciate the regular payouts as a source of retirement income.

Long-term investors looking to build wealth through compounding also find dividend stocks beneficial. Reinvesting dividends can accelerate the growth of one’s investment portfolio over time.

Investors with a preference for stability and lower volatility may gravitate towards dividend-paying stocks. The reliable income stream and the historical resilience of many dividend-paying companies can provide a sense of security, especially during market fluctuations.

It’s important to note that while dividend stocks offer unique advantages, they may not be suitable for everyone. Each investor should assess their financial objectives, risk tolerance, and investment horizon. This should be done to determine whether dividend stocks align with their overall strategy. As with any investment, thorough research and consideration of individual circumstances are crucial.

How Do Dividends Function?

Learn how dividends function with these streamlined steps:

  1. Publicly-listed companies generate significant income and retain earnings.
  2. Management decides whether to reinvest earnings or distribute them to shareholders.
  3. Board members, with shareholder approval, declare dividends.
  4. Important dividend-related dates are announced.
  5. Shareholder eligibility for dividends is reviewed.
  6. Dividends are then paid to shareholders.

Alternatively, business owners may choose to reinvest excess earnings to expand operations or enhance overall productivity. Note that both retaining and paying dividends impact a business venture’s financial model.

Risk and Considerations

Investors who want steady income may not prefer investing in equity shares. This is because they experience varying returns based on the company’s earnings. Consequently receiving remaining profits after addressing other claims.

Investing in dividend stocks comes with several risks and considerations that investors should be aware of:

  • Interest Rate Risk: Dividend stocks can be sensitive to changes in interest rates, as higher interest rates can make dividend stocks less attractive to investors seeking income. When interest rates rise, the yield value on dividend stocks may become less attractive, leading to a decline in the stock price.
  • Market Risk: Like all stocks, dividend stocks are subject to market risk, which is the risk of fluctuations in the overall stock market. Economic conditions, political events, and other factors can cause the market to rise or fall, which can impact the price of dividend stocks.
  • Dividend Cuts or Suspensions: While companies that pay dividends typically strive to maintain or increase their dividend payments, there is always the risk of dividend cuts or suspensions. Companies may reduce or eliminate their dividend payments due to financial difficulties, changes in business strategy, or other factors.

Advantages of Investing in Dividend Stocks

Shareholders of dividend stocks enjoy regular dividends. This is with companies setting aside a significant portion of their earnings as Reserves. This ensures a consistent payout, even in market downturns. Here are a few advantages of investing in dividend stocks. 

  • Stability and Regular Income: Shareholders receive periodic dividends, providing a steady income stream. Even during market slumps, companies maintain this consistency by retaining reserves.
  • Low Risk Profile: Dividend stocks present nominal risk compared to other market instruments. Large-cap companies, with robust financial structures, maintain dividend payments even in market downtrends. Additionally, these stocks tend to exhibit stable prices over time, safeguarding investors from capital loss.
  • Competitive Market Advantage: Companies offering the best dividend yields are often market leaders. Their competitive edge allows them to control product prices, keeping them in line with or above inflation rates. This advantage enables them to distribute dividend on shares that align with economic inflation, benefiting investors.

Taxation on Dividend Stocks

Dividend stock meaning are subject to taxation, and the tax rate is determined by your duration as a shareholder and the account type holding the stocks.

Qualified dividends incur taxation at the long-term capital gains rate, ranging from 0% to 20%, contingent on your income. To qualify, you must possess the stock for at least 60 days before the ex-dividend date.

Nonqualified dividends in stock markets are taxed at the short-term capital gains rate, aligning with your regular income tax rate, spanning from 10% to 37%, depending on your income.

To Wrap It Up.. 

In conclusion, dividend stocks can be a valuable addition to any investment portfolio, providing a steady stream of income and potential for long-term growth. 

Thus, you can begin investing in high dividend yield stocks through smallcase. With its user-friendly platform, you can access a diverse range of high-quality companies with strong track records of dividend payments. 

However, it’s important to remember that dividend stocks come with risks and considerations. Investors should carefully research and monitor their investments.

Dividend Stars smallcase by Windmill Capital

Dividend – Smart Beta smallcase by Windmill Capital

Dividend Aristocrats smallcase by Windmill Capital

However, it’s important to remember that dividend stocks come with risks and considerations, and investors should carefully research and monitor their investments.


1. What are dividend stocks? 

Dividend stocks refer to shares of companies that regularly distribute a portion of their profits to shareholders as dividends.

2. Are dividend stocks better?

The suitability of dividend stocks depends on your investment goals and risk appetite. While some investors prefer dividend stocks for their steady income stream, others may find growth stocks more appealing due to their potential for higher capital appreciation.

3. How do I get dividends from stock? 

To receive dividends from a stock, you must own shares of the company that pays dividends. When the company announces a dividend, it is distributed to shareholders based on the number of shares they hold.

4. What are the Dividend Aristocrats?

Dividend Aristocrats are robust S&P 500 companies with a history of consistently increasing dividends for at least 25 consecutive years.

5. Why do companies pay dividends?

Companies share profits with shareholders, providing an additional incentive to retain stock. Increasing dividends over time signals stability and safety, making them an attractive dividend investment.

6. When are dividends paid?

Preferred stock dividends are typically paid quarterly and are generally fixed, unlike common stock dividend meaning in stock market, which can vary.

7. What is dividend yield?

The dividend yield definition is a percentage or a dividend yield ratio. It reveals how much a company distributes in dividends annually compared to its stock price.


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