Whenever one invests in the stock markets, there are two ways by which one can earn – a) share price appreciation b) dividends. Share price appreciation is simply the increase in share prices, while dividends is the additional income that an investor earns when the company decides to distribute part of its profits with the shareholders.
It is fairly intuitive to understand. Let’s say, you have invested in 100 shares of ABC Ltd at ₹10 per share. As a long-term investor, you decide to hold on to this investment for 1 year. So, after 12 months you see ABC Ltd. trading at ₹30 per share. Meaning, your investment value has gone up from ₹1000 (100 shares * ₹10/share) to ₹3000 (100 shares * ₹30/share). Is your total gain ₹2000? Actually not, it will be more and that is because of dividends. Assuming in this 12-month period, the company gave out a dividend of ₹1 per share, twice. Therefore you got an additional ₹200, as you were holding 100 shares. Therefore, your total gain is ₹2200. Not bad, right?
Before going any further, let’s understand the concept of dividend yield, a concept that we shall talk about going forward. It is a financial ratio (%) that tells you the amount of dividends a company is paying out relative to its share price. In the illustration used above (ABC Ltd.), the dividend yield is 6.67% [ ₹2 (Total Dividends)/ ₹30 (Share price)]. Point to note here is that dividend yield changes with change in share prices.
This piece aims to articulate the rationale behind our dividend smallcases and to provide insights into the way we manage them. While the underlying theme is the same across these smallcases, they all differ from each other in unique ways. At present we have 3 dividend smallcases in our offering – Dividend – Smart Beta, Dividend Stars, and Dividend Aristocrats.
We shall get to the specifics of these 3 smallcases, but let us take a look at the selection criteria of these smallcases to get a bird’s eye view –
By the looks of it, if you’re thinking that there is no material difference between the three smallcases, there is merit in mentioning that across these three smallcases only 2 companies are common – Infosys and ITC.
Now, you must be wondering how you should go about picking the suitable smallcase for yourself. That depends on your objective and expectation. Let’s take a look at these set of expectations:
- Firstly, the kind of market allocation you’re comfortable with. To differentiate between Dividend Stars and Dividend Aristocrats, the former is a small & mid cap heavy basket with almost 70% allocation towards them. Whereas, Dividend Aristocrats has close to 80% allocation towards large cap stocks. Why is that? That is because of the broad criteria mentioned above. As Dividend Stars takes into account the average dividend yield, more of mid & small cap stocks get selected as they are priced lower. Since, Dividend – Smart Beta has its selection universe from the top 150 companies by market cap, the allocation is heavy towards large cap companies.
- Secondly, from the perspective of diversification. As you can understand from the table above, Dividend – Smart Beta focuses on short term dividend streak (5 years) as compared to Dividend Aristocrats that focuses on long term dividend streak (10 years). As a result, the former is usually more diversified. So, besides the aspect of dividend, if you wish to have diversification in your portfolio, then Dividend – Smart Beta is a better option. Although Dividend Stars also focuses on short-term dividend streak, the final selection of stocks also depends on the average dividend yield, which as an additional criterion, makes it less diversified than Dividend – Smart Beta. So effectively Dividend Stars and Dividend Aristocrats are more concentrated as compared to Dividend – Smart Beta.
- Thirdly, if you’re planning to invest in any of these smallcases with the sole intention of high dividend yield, then it’s not a fit. Our selection process is designed in a way wherein we concentrate on companies that have shown consistent dividend growth and not necessarily the ones who have high dividend yield. Our idea is that since dividend yield is a function of share price, it doesn’t capture the true picture of dividend payouts. The focus is to include companies that have displayed resilient dividend payout growth as compared to companies (such as the likes of Coal India, Hindustan Zinc) that have high dividend yields (as high as 5-8%). If you take a look at the table below, you’ll understand that these smallcases don’t differ much with respect to their benchmarks (barring Dividend Stars) when it comes to the dividend yield.
All in all, these smallcases cater to various kinds of objectives and hopefully this piece helps in bringing you closer to understanding your investment objective and making the right decision for yourself.
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