Last month we rebalanced a lot of our fee based as well as free smallcases. If you have not already rebalanced, please do it now.
Rebalance is recommended to update your smallcase. It helps you stay true to the original intended idea of the smallcase. If you skip the update, the composition & returns for your smallcase may vary from the original.
With the help of a fictitious character Rekha, let us understand more about what happens to investments when a rebalance update is applied.
Rekha invested Rs.28,573 on 3rd Jan 2022 and bought equal weighted smallcase A that had 8 stocks. The smallcase was rebalanced 16th March 2022. As of March 16th, before applying the rebalance update, Rekha’s investment details were as follows:
When rebalancing a smallcase either one or both of the below can happen:
- Stocks which got removed from the smallcase are sold and stocks which got added are bought
- The weights of stocks might be changed to ensure it is close to the prescribed weighing scheme
The below changes were recommended during the rebalance:
- Orient Cement and KEI Industries were dropped
- FDC Ltd, KPR Mill and Jamna Auto Industries were added
The table illustrates the amount of money expended and earned after applying the rebalance update. Let us attempt to understand the constituents of the table using data in row 2 and 5.
Realized investment refers to the amount of money invested in the stock when Rekha bought the smallcase in Jan 2022 and has now been sold. It is calculated as the no. of shares sold * average buying price. The average buying price of Orient Cement was Rs.163.40, so 22 * 163.4 = 3595.
Amount invested refers to new funds pumped into the smallcase to buy the newly added stocks. It is also calculated as no. of shares * avg buying price, i.e 3 * 1004 = 3013 for KPR MIll. This is the amount of outflow from Rekha’s trading account.
Amount sold is calculated as the no. of shares sold * average selling price. The average selling price of Orient Cement is Rs.143.70, so 22 * 143.70 = 3161.
Realized P&L is calculated as the difference between Amount sold and Realized investment. A positive number indicates profit and loss is represented by negative numbers. Since the average buying price of Orient Cement is higher than the average selling price, Rekha incurred a loss of Rs.433.
Let us now study the new investment details:
Let us also consider an alternate scenario where the returns were positive. So prior to rebalance, the total return percentage would have been 6.2% (1784 / 28,573) * 100. While after rebalance, the total return percentage drops to 5.4% (1784 / 32850) * 100. This is because more money was invested in the smallcase leading to a jump in money put in.
Actions like buying more of a smallcase or partially exiting the smallcase also impacts profitability. Read more about it here.