Home Collections Top Treasury Stocks- Meaning, Types, Features & Benefits of Treasury Company Shares

Top Treasury Stocks- Meaning, Types, Features & Benefits of Treasury Company Shares

Top Treasury Stocks- Meaning, Types, Features & Benefits of Treasury Company Shares
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Treasury stock meaning are shares of a company’s stock that have been repurchased by the company and held in its treasury. Although treasury stocks might not be as popular as other types of stocks, they play an important role in the financial management of companies.

In this blog, we will examine what are treasury shares, why companies repurchase them, and how they affect financial statements. Moreover, we will also tell you about how you can invest in the share market via smallcase. 

So, let’s dive in!

What are Treasury Stock Meaning?

Treasury shares meaning, also known as “reacquired shares,” are stocks that a company has previously issued and then repurchased. These shares are kept in the company’s treasury rather than being retired, meaning they are not available for public trading. 

Companies can acquire treasury stock for various purposes and through multiple methods, such as open market purchases or employee stock option plans (ESOPs). Thus, these stocks are helpful in:

  • Boosting stock prices 
  • Preventing hostile takeovers
  • Compensating employees 
  • Providing liquidity for stockholders

What is the Treasury Stock Method?

The treasury stock method is a way of calculating the impact of dilutive securities. This may include stock options, warrants, and convertible securities on the earnings per share (EPS) of a company. 

The method assumes that the proceeds from the exercise of these securities are used to repurchase shares of the company’s own stock in the open market which are then held as treasury stocks. 

The number of additional shares that can be purchased with the proceeds from the dilutive securities is determined by dividing the proceeds by the average market price of the company’s stock during the reporting period. Thus, this additional number of shares is added to the outstanding shares for the EPS calculation. 

Here is the Treasury Stock Method formula: 

Additional Shares Outstanding = [Gross “In-the-Money” Dilutive Securities] – [Repurchased Shares]

*Additional shares outstanding = n – (n x K / P)

*Additional shares outstanding = n x (1 – K / P)


  • Repurchased Shares = option proceeds
  • n = shares from exercised options and warrants
  • K = average exercise share price (strike price)
  • P = Average share price for the reporting period

Furthermore, companies widely use the treasury stock method to calculate the effect of dilutive securities on EPS in their financial reports.

Features of Treasury Stocks in India

Let’s have a look at the treasury shares down below: 

  • No Voting Rights: Treasury shares may not vote on company matters, reducing the influence of major shareholders.
  • No Dividend Payments: Treasury shares may not receive dividends, impacting overall shareholder income.
  • Not Included in EPS: Treasury shares are not included in the calculation of earnings per share (EPS). Thus, this might be increasing EPS for remaining shares.
  • Reduce Equity: Treasury stocks reduce shareholders’ equity, impacting financial ratios like debt-to-equity.
  • Company Discretion: The company decides whether to hold, resell, or reissue treasury shares.
  • Strategic Flexibility: Holding treasury stocks can offer flexibility for future needs like acquisitions, employee stock options, or market stabilization.

Factors to Consider Before Investing in Treasury Stocks in India

Some of the undeniable factors to consider when investing in treasury stocks in India include: 

  • Company’s Financial Health: Ensure the company is financially stable.
  • Purpose of Buyback: Understand why the company is doing buyback shares.
  • Regulatory Compliance: Verify compliance with SEBI guidelines.
  • Valuation: Assess the buyback price relative to market value.
  • EPS Impact: Analyze how it affects earnings per share.
  • Market Conditions: Consider market conditions.
  • Dividend vs. Capital: Choose between dividends and capital gains.
  • Long-Term Strategy: Align with your investment horizon.
  • Tax Implications: Be aware of tax implications.
  • Exit Strategy: Plan your exit strategy

What is the Cost Method of Treasury Stock?

The cost method of treasury stock for accounting involves recording treasury stock at its cost of acquisition and making necessary adjustments to reflect changes in the company’s equity accounts.

This method accounts for treasury stock purchases that are made with cash and are recorded at the time of purchase. Treasury stock is a contra-equity account under the cost method. Its debit amount is deducted from the overall equity of the company to determine the net equity balance.

The cost method is simple to use and provides a clear picture of the company’s equity position, making it a popular choice for many businesses.

How to Invest in Treasury Stocks in India?

Multiple avenues exist for investing in Treasury stocks, also known as Government Securities or G-Secs, in India. You can approach Primary Dealers (PDs), banks, or financial institutions to invest directly in government securities. Stock exchanges like NSE and BSE offer electronic platforms for trading G-Secs, and you can also open a Retail Direct Gilt (RDG) Account with the RBI or select banks.

Mutual funds and stockbrokers provide alternative channels, while online platforms and mobile apps offer convenient access. Additionally, consider government-backed savings options like National Savings Certificates (NSCs). When investing in these low-risk securities, it’s essential to evaluate the potential factors such as tenor, interest rate, and tax implications, aligning your choices with your financial goals and risk tolerance.

However, if you’re confused about which stocks to pick, you can explore smallcases:

  1. smallcases are readymade portfolios of stocks/ETFs, that are based on a theme idea or strategy
  2. They’re created and managed by SEBI-registered experts
  3. smallcase.com offers over 200+ stock portfolios, created by 180+ managers
  4. Some of the popular smallcases among new investors are as follows:

Equity & Gold smallcase by Windmill Capital

Top 100 Stocks smallcase by Windmill Capital

All Weather Investing smallcase by Windmill Capital

Disclosures for aforementioned smallcases

How are Treasury Stocks Acquired? 

A few ways to acquire treasury shares are as follows: 

Purchase through the Open Market 

The most common method to acquire treasury stock is to purchase them from the open market. Where a company buys back its own shares from the public. This allows the company to control the number of outstanding shares and boost the value of the remaining shares.

Purchase through Tender Offer

Another way to acquire treasury stock is through a tender offer. Where a company offers to purchase shares directly from its shareholders at a premium price. Therefore, this can be a way for a company to quickly acquire a large number of shares and consolidate ownership.

Purchase through Employee Stock Options Plan (ESOPs)

Companies also acquire treasury stock through employee stock option plans (ESOPs). In this case, the company issues stock options to its employees. When the employees exercise those options, the company purchases shares on the open market to fulfil the option.

Reasons for Acquiring Treasury Stocks 

Acquiring treasury stocks is a common practice for companies for various reasons, including:

Boosting Stock Prices

Companies may buy-back of shares problems and solutions to increase demand for their stock and thereby boost their stock prices.

Preventing Hostile Takeovers

When a company acquires a significant number of its shares, it reduces the number of shares available for purchase by other entities. Thus, this makes it more difficult for a hostile takeover to occur.

Compensating Employees

Companies may use treasury stock to compensate employees in their employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs).

Providing Liquidity for Stockholders

Buying back shares will reduce the number of shares available for trading in the open market. This can increase the value of the remaining shares. Additionally, provides liquidity for existing stockholders who may want to sell their shares.

Limitations of Treasury Shares

Let’s have a look at the limitations of treasury shares down below. 

  • No voting privileges
  • Ineligible to receive dividends
  • Excluded from the computation of outstanding shares
  • Unable to exercise preemptive rights as a shareholder
  • Not eligible to receive net assets if the company undergoes liquidation
  • Certain countries regulate the quantity of treasury stocks held by companies, ensuring that the total treasury stock does not surpass the maximum proportion of capitalization stipulated by law.

Impact of Treasury Stocks on Financial Statements

Treasury stock has a significant impact on the financial statements of a company. This includes the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement.

Balance Sheet 

The balance sheet reports treasury stocks as reducing the total shareholders’ equity. Deducting the cost of acquiring treasury stock contributes to the reduction in total shareholders’ equity. This results in a decrease in the company’s net worth. 

Because the balance sheet considers treasury stock as a decrease in the count of outstanding shares, it consequently diminishes the company’s ownership.

Income Statement 

On the income statement, treasury stocks do not have a direct impact on the revenue or expenses of the company. However, if the company opts to resell the treasury stocks, it will record any gains or losses from the sale in the income statement as a non-operating item.

Cash Flow Statement

The financing activities section records the acquisition of treasury shares as a cash outflow. Thus, the sale of treasury stocks, on the other hand, is recorded as a cash inflow in the financing activities section.

Is Treasury Stock an Asset?

In balance sheet, a treasury stock is an asset. This is because it represents shares that the company purchases shareholders and now holds in its own possession. However, unlike other assets & liabilities, the treasury stock has no productive use or potential for generating revenue.

Are Dividends Paid on Treasury Stocks?

No, companies do not pay dividends on treasury stocks. Since the company owns these stocks, it cannot receive dividends on them. Additionally, paying dividends on treasury stock would essentially be transferring money from one account to another within the same company, which does not make sense. Therefore, companies do not pay dividends on treasury stock.

Difference Between Cash Dividends and Treasury Stocks Purchases

Cash dividends and treasury stock purchases are two separate actions that a company takes. Cash dividends are a distribution of profits to shareholders, typically paid out in cash. Treasury stock purchases, on the other hand, involve a company buying back its own shares on the open market or through other means.

To Wrap It Up…

Treasury stock can be an important tool for companies to manage their finances and achieve their strategic goals. Thus, these stocks help boost stock prices, prevent hostile takeovers, compensate employees, and provide liquidity for stockholders.  Moreover, investing in the stock market via smallcase can be a convenient and cost-effective way for you to gain exposure to a diversified portfolio of stocks.

As always, investors must do their own research and/or consult their financial advisor before investing.


1. What is a treasury stock?

Treasury stock meaning are a company’s own shares that are bought back by themselves to keep its own treasury or possession.

2. What is treasury account meaning?

A treasury account manages the financial resources of an organization, including funds, assets, and investments.

3. What piecemeal distribution of cash means?

Piecemeal distribution of cash means distributing available funds gradually, often in stages, instead of a single lump sum.

4. What cancelation of shares means?

The cancelation of treasury shares means permanently removing them from a company’s issued capital, reducing the total number of shares outstanding.

5. How can I invest in treasury stocks?

There are a few ways to invest in treasury stocks: Directly from the company, through a broker, or invest via exchange-traded fund (ETFs).

6. Is it a good time to invest in treasury stocks?

At present, the 3-month treasury bill rate is 5.24% while the 30-year Treasury rate is 3.93% Therefore, if you’re looking for a safe investment option for a short-period of time, then T-Bills is a great option.

7. Who should invest in treasury stocks?

Treasury stocks are not as popular as other types of stocks, such as common stocks and preferred stocks. However, they can be a good investment for certain investors who want to boost their EPS and minimize risk.

8.  Is treasury stock an asset or equity?

Treasury stock is accounted for as a contra-equity account on a company’s balance sheet. It is a reduction of the company’s total shareholders’ equity. So, it is not considered an asset but rather an adjustment to the equity portion of the balance sheet.